Stem Cell Treatments with Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
The science of aesthetics is a rapidly changing one, with new advances almost daily in the unending search for anti-ageing treatments
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
One of the most advanced new therapies is called Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). An early sign of ageing is the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the face, especially on the forehead and around the eyes and mouth. In a quest to stay younger looking, many women and indeed men, seek the help of aesthetic and cosmetic professionals to help smooth these away. There are numerous anti-ageing treatments that will address this issue, but none as novel and radical as this one.
Interestingly, this treatment has been in use in medicine and surgery since around 1975 but has only rather more recently been introduced as an aesthetic tool. This treatment is occasionally compared to Platelet Rich Fibrin™, but there are differences, and these will be illustrated later.
So what is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)?
Blood is mainly made up of liquid, called plasma, and of red cells, white cells and platelets. Platelets are best known for their importance in blood clotting and is rich in proteins called growth factors, which are essential in the healing process of injuries. In order to prepare PRP, a small sample of blood is drawn from a patient in an Aesthetician’s rooms. The platelets are then separated from the other blood cells during a process called centrifugation. A centrifuge spins the blood at high speeds, separating the platelets from the other components. Once the cells have been separated, the Specialist is left with a concentrate of platelets which produces higher concentrations of platelets and a much more pure concentration of the beneficial blood components. Platelet Rich Plasma is plasma with many more platelets than which is typically found in blood. This concentrate of platelets and growth factors can be five times richer than normal blood.
PRP natural healing process intensifies the body’s efforts by delivering a higher concentrate off platelets directly to the area it is needed. Additionally, it is employed as a rejuvenation tool to assist and improve the effects of other skin rejuvenation and is classified as Regenerative Medicine or Regenerative Health.
How does Platelet Rich Plasma work?
Essentially the treatment introduces platelet-derived growth factors from the recipient’s own blood in an enriched plasma form, after specialised processing, which can be done in the aesthetician’s rooms, if suitably equipped.
Platelets, which form a major proportion of blood, are the source of a variety of growth factors. Through the Platelet Perfection procedure, a process of advanced tissue healing, cell regeneration, and collagen production mechanisms are introduced to the treatment area. The gel contains a unique combination of your own natural growth factors and has the ability to rapidly repair the look and feel of your skin, making it softer, smoother and more radiant. Damaged, aged skin tissue is replaced with healthier cells, leaving your skin looking and feeling rejuvenated.
Safety, effectiveness, and contraindications
The results are more short-lived than that of Platelet Rich Fibrin™ and will depend on the recipient’s age, health, lifestyle, and condition of the skin. Caution is expected in cases of blood diseases, or infectious diseases, but the therapy is generally suitable for most people, as it uses the recipient’s own blood. The results are subtle, with gradual improvement in the injected area over a 3- to 5-week period. Full correction occurs at 4-7 weeks and can last as long as 18 months. The risks of complications are extremely unlikely. Platelet Rich Plasma can be combined with Dermal Fillers, Muscle relaxing injectable®, DermaPen®, Nano Fat Transfer and laser skin treatments if required. PRP builds tissue over time, whereas traditional filler breaks down over time.
Expectations and risks
You can look forward to softer, smoother, more radiant-looking skin. Optimal results are achieved after approximately three weeks and last up to a year. No risks or side-effects are known or have been reported, and it is suitable for anyone. Both these treatments can only be performed in the Aesthetic Physician’s rooms.
What is Platelet Rich Fibrin™?
Platelet Rich Fibrin™ is a skin treatment which utilizes platelets derived from your own blood to produce a personal, tailor-made, topical treatment gel. Stemming from the belief that the body heals itself, and given advances in knowledge of the body and its internal processes and organs, this has become a unique tool in the anti-ageing arsenal.
Often termed a Plasma Filler, the injection of the prepared serum into ageing skin areas, helps the skin repair collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid breakdowns, rejuvenating and freshening the skin’s appearance. Results are seen, reportedly after around two months. It is also been referred to as “Vampire Facial®”. Unlike other proprietary Dermal Fillers that use Hyaluronic Acid and possible other synthetic substances, PRP uses the patient’s natural biology to address skin defects and volume loss, triggering the production of new cells and collagen formation.
How Platelet Rich Fibrin™ works
A small sample of your blood is collected beforehand and then sent to a specialised laboratory, where it is centrifuged, growth factors isolated and bio gel prepared. The procedure can be performed as soon as the next day. The gel is applied in a short, simple and soothing radiofrequency procedure and results are visible within three weeks. One collection will be sufficient to produce enough treatments for a year. Platelet Rich Fibrin™ is recommended for the treatment of fine lines and wrinkles, sagging skin and to improve general skin tone, texture, and elasticity.
What is the different between PRP and PRF?
Platelet Rich Plasma can be collected, processed and administered in a Specialist’s Room if correctly equipped, whereas Platelet Rich Fibrin™ needs to be sent out to specialized laboratories to be prepared.
More importantly, Platelet Rich Plasma is applied to the skin topically where Platelet Rich Fibrin™ is often injected under the surface of the skin. The effects of the PRP is essentially used as a topical gel application that uses the same plasma theory as Platelet Rich Fibrin™, and is rather more aimed at self-healing, covering post-operative recovery, as well as a means to stimulate cell growth and repair damaged and ageing skin and cellular degradation. The process to obtain the serum is rather less complex than with Platelet Rich Fibrin™, but some advocates believe it potentially performs similar functions.